Thomas “stonewall” Jackson was born on January 21st, 1824, he passed away on May 10th, 1863. He lived a short life of 39 years. Thomas was a brave man who fought in the Mexican-American war. He also fought as a Confederate soldier in the Civil war.
Thomas was born in Virginia, which is now known as West Virginia. His mom’s name was Julia Beckwith Neale, she had four children in total, Thomas was the third born. When he was two years old his Father and his older sister, Elizabeth, died from Typhoid fever.
Typhoid fever is a rare sickness, but it is still very deadly, especially for children. Typhoid fever spreads through contaminated food and water or through close contact with someone who’s infected.
After the death of his Father, his mom re-married to a man named Blake Woodson. Thomas and his brothers did not like Blake, so they often got into arguments. These arguments caused the boys to go live with their father’s brothers. In 1831 Thomas’s mom died while giving birth to his half-brother. However, ten years later in 1841 his half-brother died from tuberculosis.
In the 1800s adults would have many children. They did this because they knew that most of their kids would die pre-maturely. The children would die because they didn’t have medicine, nor would they have hospitals that could cure their illnesses. Therefore, having more kids meant they would have a higher survival rate in their families.
Later, Thomas graduated from a U.S. Military Academy in West Point, New York. Soon after his graduation he fought in the Mexican-American war. While he was in Mexico he joined the first artillery as a 2nd lieutenant. During his time in the war he met a man named Robert E. Lee. He was a General-in-chief for the Civil war. After the war he became the president of Washington collage.
By the end of 1846 Thomas had been promoted to the rank Brevet Major and he was considered a war hero. After the war Thomas retired from the military and was offered a professorship at the Virginia Military Institute in Lexington Virginia.
Thomas married a woman named Elinor Junkin, who sadly, died giving birth. In this very unlucky circumstance she gave birth to a stillborn son. Thomas then got re-married to a woman named Mary Anna Morrison who gave birth to a baby girl. This child died not even a month after her birth. Mary later gave birth to another girl, who they named Julia after Thomas’s mother.
While Thomas was in the Civil war he earned a nickname. His nickname was, Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson. He got his nickname after part of the war. When he got his nickname, he was leaning against a stonewall and someone shouted, “Hey look it is Stonewall Jackson”. The nickname stayed and grew to be what he is known as to this day.
Later in the war, Thomas, got shot in his arm. The shot was a friendly fire. Thomas had to get his arm amputated! This shot did not kill him. He died of Pneumonia on May 10th, 1863. This may have been the day that he died, however his story lives on through our History books!
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