Music in the 1960’s

After years of practice the world’s music has changed a lot! We’ve made improvements to our technology and the way our music sounds! Today I will be talking about bands and artists in the 1960’s.

Elvis Presley:

Elvis Aaron Presley was an American singer and actor. Regarded as one of the most significant cultural icons of the 20th century, he is often referred to as the “King of Rock and Roll” or simply “the King”. Elvis was born on January 8,1935 and he died on August 16, 1977. His death was very sad for many people.

The Beatles:

The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960. With members John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr. They came to America in 1965. This was when they made most of their money, this is because they became nationally famous. At this time, they even made a film named, The Yellow Submarine. Their albums were purchased over 500,000 times. After they made their way to America they changed what they wrote their songs about. Instead of being clean they changed it to drugs, politics, and war.

The Rolling Stones:

The members of The Rolling Stones are Brian Jones, Ian Stewart, Mick Jagger, Keith Richards, Bill Wyman, and Charlie Watts. This British group catered to the dragged out, drunken culture of the 1960’s. One of their best hits was called “Satisfaction”. This band formed in 1962.

This started the British Invasion, which was a phenomenon that occurred in the mid-1960s when rock and pop music acts from the United Kingdom, as well as other aspects of British culture, became popular in the United States, and significant to the rising counterculture on both sides of the Atlantic.

The Counterculture:

This was a group of hippies who wanted, Alcohol, psychedelic drugs, free sex, and no responsibility.  They were known as Hippies and Flower children. They had a giant music festival where they celebrated for three days, love, drugs, and music.

Thank you so much for reading my post! Be sure to come back to, Learning in Pajamas, for more from me!

Advertisements

20th Century Authors

Over time, there have been many authors in the world. People have the ability to write a book and sell it. From there it can become a bestseller and make them millionaires. Reading a book can be very interesting, it can lead your imagination to destinations that you’ve never even thought about.  Books have an impact on our lives as well, they can make you think of better ways to handle situations or better ways to live your life.

C.S. Lewis:

C.S. Lewis was a man of many talents. He worked as a novelist, poet, literary critic, essayist, broadcaster, lecturer, and Christian apologist. That’s mind boggling how many titles he has. C.S. Lewis was part of a group called The Inklings. The Inklings was a literary discussion group where authors could talk about their work and get input. This is a great system, in my opinion, because if one person is having writers block they can get help from other authors! Some of C.S. Lewis’s most well-known books are The Screwtape letters and Mere Christianity.

J.R.R. Tolkien:

His full name was John Ronald Reuel Tolkien. He lived in England. He worked as a writer, poet, and university professor at Oxford. He was also a member of the Inklings. This means that there is a chance that he and C.S. Lewis might have helped each other out with their books! His most popular books are The Hobbit as well as Lord of The Rings. According to my teacher, The Hobbit wasn’t intended to be a kid’s book but I don’t think he minds.

Agatha Christie:

She was born in 1890, in England. She was a short story writer and a play writer. She is best known for her murder mysteries especially the ones featuring Hercule Poirot as the detective. One of her plays that is very popular is The Mouse Trap. Which has been shown since the 1950s.

Albert Einstein:

He was born in 1879. He became the greatest theoretical physicist in history. He discovered the Theory of Relativity. He was visiting the U.S. in 1933, as a Jew. He chose not to go back to Germany but to become a U.S. citizen. He helped develop atomic technology. He has written many books about his discoveries one is called, The World as I See It. Another one is called, The Evolution of Physics.

 

Isaac Asimov:

Born in 1920 worked as a professor of biochemistry at Boston University. He was a prolific author. He wrote over 500 books and an estimated 90,000 essays. Most famous for his book 1984 and Animal Farm.

Ernest Hemingway:

He was born in 1899 and was raised in Illinois. He had a unique style of writing that was copied by late 20th century authors. He lived a life of adventure and had a very visible public image. Some of his most famous books are The Old Man and The Sea, The Sun Also Rises, and A Moveable Feast.

Thank you for reading my essay about 20th century writers. Come back to, Learning in Pajamas, for more from me!

 

Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge

Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge are the 29th and 30th presidents of the united states! Warren G. Harding, was involved in many scandals and many illegal operations. Coolidge wasn’t really interested in that so, now he is labeled as a “weak” president.

Warren G. Harding is the 29th President of the United States He was elected in 1923 and he left the office in 1923. This was the beginning of world war 1 so, Harding had to help keep the united states safe meanwhile governing the country. Harding started his career as a journalist, he worked with newspapers. In 1891, Harding’s wife wanted him to go into politics so, he did. Harding went to serve as the Ohio State Senator. This was his very first elected and political position. Harding is known as one of the worst presidents ever because there were many scandals during his presidency.

One of the very worst scandals, when Harding was president, is known as the Teapot Dome Scandal. This was when a federal Cabinet member stole government property and leased it illegally. Then after somebody bought he kept the money. This put a sore spot on Harding’s career

After these scandals, he had a stroke. The stroke didn’t kill him, but it did limit him from doing a lot of things. Going forward in time, he died of a heart-attack.

We now move on to Calvin Coolidge the 30th president.

Coolidge, Harding’s vice president at the time, was going to bed when he got the news that Harding had died. On August 2nd, 1923 Coolidge became the new president!

Calvin Coolidge was born on Independence Day! He was born in Vermont, but in order for him to get is college degree he had to move to Massachusetts. Coolidge’s planned to be a lawyer but, he didn’t have enough money to pay for Law-school. Instead of going to Law School he worked with a local law firm so that he could still to learn law. This was an option for people who didn’t have sufficient funds to go to Law School. Afterward he was admitted to the Bar for Massachusetts.

Later, Coolidge was elected Governor of Massachusetts. Soon, the Boston Police Strike of 1919 occurred. Coolidge, even though it was unnecessary, decided to help, this impressed many government officials. They were so impressed with him that they elected him as the Vice President to Warren G. Harding.

Coolidge was inaugurated by his own father! He was inaugurated again the next day. To make it not illegal they inaugurated him again out in public.

Coolidge had policies that would get rid of banks that were making the economy worse. By doing this he was allowing the stocks to go up an up and up. Eventually the investors were scared that it would plummet, they started to back off which then made the stocks fall.

Harding and Coolidge had two different ways of being a president Coolidge may be considered a weak president, but he was a very good president, even though he left his presidency just before the Great Depression, he still brought the economy to its peak before it fell.

This was an essay about President Harding and President Coolidge! Be sure to come back to Learning in Pajamas for more from me!

 

My One Paragraph Summary (8th Grade English Assignment #26)

My 1 Paragraph Summary:

A Jewish girl, named Diana Deithelm, gets captured by evil men and betrayed by her best friend all in one day. Despite it all, Diana, one random stranger, and her new best friend, Mitzi Rudolf, all travel through desperate measures to get to freedom. Avoiding an entire Nazi family, and her own family is tough but through it all Diana stays true to herself and her friends.

I hope you enjoyed reading my one paragraph summary! Be sure to check out the actual story which will be posted shortly only on Learning in Pajamas!

 

 

 

Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson (8th Grade History Assignment #25)

Thomas “stonewall” Jackson was born on January 21st, 1824, he passed away on May 10th, 1863. He lived a short life of 39 years. Thomas was a brave man who fought in the Mexican-American war. He also fought as a Confederate soldier in the Civil war.

Thomas was born in Virginia, which is now known as West Virginia. His mom’s name was Julia Beckwith Neale, she had four children in total, Thomas was the third born. When he was two years old his Father and his older sister, Elizabeth, died from Typhoid fever.

Typhoid fever is a rare sickness, but it is still very deadly, especially for children. Typhoid fever spreads through contaminated food and water or through close contact with someone who’s infected.

After the death of his Father, his mom re-married to a man named Blake Woodson. Thomas and his brothers did not like Blake, so they often got into arguments. These arguments caused the boys to go live with their father’s brothers. In 1831 Thomas’s mom died while giving birth to his half-brother. However, ten years later in 1841 his half-brother died from tuberculosis.

In the 1800s adults would have many children. They did this because they knew that most of their kids would die pre-maturely. The children would die because they didn’t have medicine, nor would they have hospitals that could cure their illnesses. Therefore, having more kids meant they would have a higher survival rate in their families.

Later, Thomas graduated from a U.S. Military Academy in West Point, New York. Soon after his graduation he fought in the Mexican-American war. While he was in Mexico he joined the first artillery as a 2nd lieutenant. During his time in the war he met a man named Robert E. Lee. He was a General-in-chief for the Civil war.  After the war he became the president of Washington collage.

By the end of 1846 Thomas had been promoted to the rank Brevet Major and he was considered a war hero. After the war Thomas retired from the military and was offered a professorship at the Virginia Military Institute in Lexington Virginia.

Thomas married a woman named Elinor Junkin, who sadly, died giving birth. In this very unlucky circumstance she gave birth to a stillborn son. Thomas then got re-married to a woman named Mary Anna Morrison who gave birth to a baby girl. This child died not even a month after her birth.  Mary later gave birth to another girl, who they named Julia after Thomas’s mother.

While Thomas was in the Civil war he earned a nickname. His nickname was, Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson. He got his nickname after part of the war. When he got his nickname, he was leaning against a stonewall and someone shouted, “Hey look it is Stonewall Jackson. The nickname stayed and grew to be what he is known as to this day.

Later in the war, Thomas, got shot in his arm. The shot was a friendly fire.  Thomas had to get his arm amputated! This shot did not kill him. He died of Pneumonia on May 10th, 1863. This may have been the day that he died, however his story lives on through our History books!

Thank you for reading Learning in Pajamas! Be sure to come back again for more posts from me!

The Holocaust (8th Grade English Assignment 24)

The Holocaust started in 1933 and it ended in 1945. During this time millions of people died. It all started because Germany’s money system was failing. Many people had very little to no money at all. The value of the money decreased so much, children would use it as toys. However, the Jewish people were still making money. This made a man named Adolf Hitler have an idea. His idea that most Jews were the reason for the depression so if Germany got rid of them they would have money again. He also said that they were communists and that they were the cause for the defeat in World War 1. This shows that Hitler did not like the Jews. Hitler created a political party, this party is formally known as the Nazis. These were thousands of men who worked with and for Hitler to abolish the Jews. Hitler was a man who hated, targeted, and killed the Jews. Adolf Hitler was born April 20th, 1889. He committed suicide on April 30th ,1945.  In my opinion suicide is the coward’s way out. As you can tell Adolf Hitler was a very bad man. What he did was terribly wrong. However, as most people say, “Learn from other’s mistakes”. That is exactly what we should do. Learn from what Hitler did and never let that happen again.

There were about 18 million Nazi soldiers in World war 1. The Nazis would murder Jewish people, they would kill Homos, people who were sick or had disabilities. The Nazis would also kill anybody who got involved with what they were doing. The Nazis killed millions of innocent people.  Nazis would put the Jewish people in a line and they would shoot and kill them. They would also put them in gas chambers and say that they were showers. They would poison them and then they would clean out the bodies. This was a scary and depressing time for both Jewish people and anybody who was alive at that time. I personally think that it still is depressing to this day.

One of the most common stories of the Jews was Anne Frank’s story. Anne Frank had a hard childhood. She was taken out of school and put into a new one that was just for the Jewish kids. They had to wear a Star of David patch on all their outfits. They could not go to the beach just because they were Jewish. They also had time limits where they were not allowed outside. Anne Frank got a diary when she turned 13 She called her diary Kitty. She wrote in it just about every day. On July 6 ,1942 Anne Frank, her sister Margot Frank, her father Otto Frank, and Anne’s mom Edith Frank went into hiding on the top floor of her father’s warehouse. This was called the Secret Annex because the doorway was hidden behind a bookshelf. Also living in the Secret Annex were Hermann and Auguste van Pels as well as their son Peter. Also, a man named Fritz Pfeffer. After two years of them living there, one of the people who was helping them told the Nazis where they were living. To this day we still are unaware of who told the Nazis where they were hiding. Luckily one of the helpers saved Anne’s diary before the Nazis could take it. Anne and her sister died in a concentration camp from Typhon fever. Her mom died from starvation. Her dad lived through and published Anne’s diary to share her story in 1947. Her story has been shared from generation to generation for 71 years.

A lot of other Jewish children had to go through similar things as Anne Frank. The childhood of Jewish kids was a very difficult. They were pulled out of their normal schools and put into schools just for Jewish kids. They also had to where the star of David on their clothes. Also, just like Anne, they couldn’t go to most public places because they were Jewish. This was a horrible time for the kids, they couldn’t go to public places, they had time restrictions for when they leave their houses, and so many were killed at the camps. At the camps, woman would cut themselves and rub the blood on their bodies to make them look younger. They would kill the older people.  Children were gassed in the gas chambers as well as the adults. One famous story, “The Boy in The Striped Pajamas”, is a true story about the Holocaust. It’s a fantastic movie and novel it explains a great deal of what was happening during the Holocaust.  This gives you a tragic story meanwhile telling you what it was like to be alive during the Holocaust.

In many cases the Jewish people would have to hide from the Nazis, some of the hiding spots they hid in were under floorboards, in cellars, and sometimes in building’s top floors. There are many other hiding spots that where they would hide. Some of the causes of why they would need to hide were because the Nazis had called for them to go to a concentration camp. Sometimes Nazis would search for them and they’d hide from them. They were at a large risk of leaving the country because they could have been found and killed. As you can tell these people were in tough situations that could cost them their own lives.

After the war was over, millions of Jewish people, Americans, and innocent people standing up for what they believed had been killed. It was a hard time for everyone to live through. There are many stories of the Holocaust, but the most well-known story is Anne Frank’s. This was a depressing time to live in and hear about.  I think we should learn from this, so we can make sure it doesn’t happen again.

Learning in Pajamas is proud to have hopefully taught you something you did not know about the Holocaust. Be sure to come back for more from me.

 

What I liked and Disliked about this School Year!

Today was the last day of school! This year has gone by super fast! Today I will be telling you what I liked and didn’t like about this school year!

This school year I really enjoyed writing short stories! When you write a story you get to be creative and there are no rules! There is nothing that says something doesn’t exist! You can make it exactly how YOU want! I never realized how fun writing could be until this class! Last year I would write but I would really enjoy it! Maybe it’s my age that helped me understand how much fun it is, or maybe my teacher! Another thing I really enjoyed was the robotics section! In this course I created many things! Instead of creating the robot that my teacher made I used a kit! The robot that I used is called Snap circuits! This was so fun that we actually ended up buying another one! Building a robot like this isn’t as complicated but it helps you remember what the symbols of resistors, diodes, and much more!

The things that I didn’t enjoy this year, there weren’t that many because this school year was fun, there isn’t much to complain! However, the main thing that I didn’t like this year was having to read G. A. Henty books! The reason why I didn’t enjoy these books were that they weren’t that fun to read! They just aren’t what I like! Some people do like these books, that’s their taste not mine! One other thing I didn’t like about this school year is how I didn’t have that many assignments to write a story! Many people wouldn’t complain about that! However, I find writing stories very fun! I really enjoy stories where I get a topic and I get to make up a story all about that!

In conclusion, I really enjoyed this school year! I really wouldn’t want to change anything! This year was fun, and I am excited to do another year of homeschool next year!

The Vikings!

The Vikings were a Germanic tribe who settled in Scandinavia, Russia, and North Atlantic islands.

The Vikings had an age called the Viking age and it lasted from 793 through 1066. The loss of the battle of Stamford Bridge is what caused the end of the Viking age.

The Vikings had their first attack when an assistant to the king tried to tax them for no apparent reason.  Later on the Vikings killed that man. People say that, that instance doesn’t count as an attack but no one really knows for sure.

As almost everyone knows the Vikings were a very cruel and barbaric people.

Later when the Vikings grew bigger they had to expand, well, that’s one reason they could have needed to expand another reason would be because they had such an urge for war the wanted to go to it rather than wait for it to come to them!

The Vikings had many different religions however for the Christians did finally outlaw dioceses. That is when they murder their own child if they do not want it. I, personally am very happy that they outlawed it because it is MURDER!!

The Viking age was over in 1066 but, that does not mean that they all went “extinct” they did start to populate more and continue to expand their land!

Fun Fact: on my dad’s side of the family I am actually related to Vikings!

See you next time for a whole lot more in Learning In Pajamas!!!

The Battles of Hastings!

In history class I learned about the Battle of Hastings!

The battle of Hastings marked the start of Norman conquest and the end of the Viking era in 1066. Also in 1066 European power got added to England’s domain.

A man named William of Normandy made an attempt to win a battle! This battle lasted an entire day! luckily he and his army won, because of this he was then named William the Conqueror. Another war was the Battle of the Stamford Bridge. This war was a very bloody war and many people died. Unlike the battle of Hastings the Saxons won this battle, because of this win, William was crowned king on Christmas Day. The battle of the Stamford Bridge started because many people believed they should be king! The battle of the Stamford Bridge played a big role in the Battle of Hastings.  The role was to see who the next king was to be, because at the time many people wanted to be the next king! The battle of Hastings was won by the Normans this is when it started a new era, the Norman conquest era.

As King William was leaving the battle he was either shot in the eye by an arrow or he was shot in the back of the head. The reason I don’t know how King William was killed is because, there are many stories of how he was killed, but nobody knows for sure how he was killed! By the end of the war the Saxons were fleeing the sight and King William then got killed!

 

Tune in to hear more from Learning in Pajamas!

Gerhard Groote

Gerhard Groote was man who gave kids, who became orphans after the black death took their parents, an education, food, and water. Today, I will be writing a paper on Gerhard Groote.

Gerhard Groote was born in 1340 and lived in a small town in the Netherlands. He lived during the time of the black plague. Both of his parents were killed because of the plague and so he then became an orphan. When is dad died  He inherited all of his things! Gerhard also, went a school, which at the time, Was very special and rare! Gerhard became a spoiled brat because he felt like he was better than most people! However he did change! On a very special day he was traveling and he saw a monk later the monk had converted him to Christian!

A few years later the plague came back! This time he found the orphaned boys and took them in. He gave them food and water as well as an education. A few years later, Gerhard made this into a school! In his school  he would teach the orphans to write and read by making them re-write scriptures! He named his school, Brethren of the Common Life. He named it this because the students shared their living space and their theological and philosophical views with each other! Some of his notable students names are Martin Luther, John Knox, John Calvin, and Martin Brucer. This is not the Martin Luther that you immediately think of. This is not Martin Luther King Jr, this is just Martin Luther!

The Black Plague came for the third time. This time it took Groote’s life. Gerhard Groote’s school lasted 150 years after his death. Some of the previous students became teachers. Groote ran his school for ten years, so in total the school lasted 160 years!

Thank you for visiting my blog for more come back to Learning in Pajamas!