What I liked and Disliked about this School Year!

Today was the last day of school! This year has gone by super fast! Today I will be telling you what I liked and didn’t like about this school year!

This school year I really enjoyed writing short stories! When you write a story you get to be creative and there are no rules! There is nothing that says something doesn’t exist! You can make it exactly how YOU want! I never realized how fun writing could be until this class! Last year I would write but I would really enjoy it! Maybe it’s my age that helped me understand how much fun it is, or maybe my teacher! Another thing I really enjoyed was the robotics section! In this course I created many things! Instead of creating the robot that my teacher made I used a kit! The robot that I used is called Snap circuits! This was so fun that we actually ended up buying another one! Building a robot like this isn’t as complicated but it helps you remember what the symbols of resistors, diodes, and much more!

The things that I didn’t enjoy this year, there weren’t that many because this school year was fun, there isn’t much to complain! However, the main thing that I didn’t like this year was having to read G. A. Henty books! The reason why I didn’t enjoy these books were that they weren’t that fun to read! They just aren’t what I like! Some people do like these books, that’s their taste not mine! One other thing I didn’t like about this school year is how I didn’t have that many assignments to write a story! Many people wouldn’t complain about that! However, I find writing stories very fun! I really enjoy stories where I get a topic and I get to make up a story all about that!

In conclusion, I really enjoyed this school year! I really wouldn’t want to change anything! This year was fun, and I am excited to do another year of homeschool next year!

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The Vikings!

The Vikings were a Germanic tribe who settled in Scandinavia, Russia, and North Atlantic islands.

The Vikings had an age called the Viking age and it lasted from 793 through 1066. The loss of the battle of Stamford Bridge is what caused the end of the Viking age.

The Vikings had their first attack when an assistant to the king tried to tax them for no apparent reason.  Later on the Vikings killed that man. People say that, that instance doesn’t count as an attack but no one really knows for sure.

As almost everyone knows the Vikings were a very cruel and barbaric people.

Later when the Vikings grew bigger they had to expand, well, that’s one reason they could have needed to expand another reason would be because they had such an urge for war the wanted to go to it rather than wait for it to come to them!

The Vikings had many different religions however for the Christians did finally outlaw dioceses. That is when they murder their own child if they do not want it. I, personally am very happy that they outlawed it because it is MURDER!!

The Viking age was over in 1066 but, that does not mean that they all went “extinct” they did start to populate more and continue to expand their land!

Fun Fact: on my dad’s side of the family I am actually related to Vikings!

See you next time for a whole lot more in Learning In Pajamas!!!

The Battles of Hastings!

In history class I learned about the Battle of Hastings!

The battle of Hastings marked the start of Norman conquest and the end of the Viking era in 1066. Also in 1066 European power got added to England’s domain.

A man named William of Normandy made an attempt to win a battle! This battle lasted an entire day! luckily he and his army won, because of this he was then named William the Conqueror. Another war was the Battle of the Stamford Bridge. This war was a very bloody war and many people died. Unlike the battle of Hastings the Saxons won this battle, because of this win, William was crowned king on Christmas Day. The battle of the Stamford Bridge started because many people believed they should be king! The battle of the Stamford Bridge played a big role in the Battle of Hastings.  The role was to see who the next king was to be, because at the time many people wanted to be the next king! The battle of Hastings was won by the Normans this is when it started a new era, the Norman conquest era.

As King William was leaving the battle he was either shot in the eye by an arrow or he was shot in the back of the head. The reason I don’t know how King William was killed is because, there are many stories of how he was killed, but nobody knows for sure how he was killed! By the end of the war the Saxons were fleeing the sight and King William then got killed!

 

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Gerhard Groote

Gerhard Groote was man who gave kids, who became orphans after the black death took their parents, an education, food, and water. Today, I will be writing a paper on Gerhard Groote.

Gerhard Groote was born in 1340 and lived in a small town in the Netherlands. He lived during the time of the black plague. Both of his parents were killed because of the plague and so he then became an orphan. When is dad died  He inherited all of his things! Gerhard also, went a school, which at the time, Was very special and rare! Gerhard became a spoiled brat because he felt like he was better than most people! However he did change! On a very special day he was traveling and he saw a monk later the monk had converted him to Christian!

A few years later the plague came back! This time he found the orphaned boys and took them in. He gave them food and water as well as an education. A few years later, Gerhard made this into a school! In his school  he would teach the orphans to write and read by making them re-write scriptures! He named his school, Brethren of the Common Life. He named it this because the students shared their living space and their theological and philosophical views with each other! Some of his notable students names are Martin Luther, John Knox, John Calvin, and Martin Brucer. This is not the Martin Luther that you immediately think of. This is not Martin Luther King Jr, this is just Martin Luther!

The Black Plague came for the third time. This time it took Groote’s life. Gerhard Groote’s school lasted 150 years after his death. Some of the previous students became teachers. Groote ran his school for ten years, so in total the school lasted 160 years!

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Oliver Cromwell

In history I learned about a man name Oliver Cromwell! Today I am telling who he was and why he was important!

Oliver was born into a poor family. However he was blood related to an older king, Henry the 8th. He also was related to a close confidant of Henry the 8th! Oliver used his family name to his advantage and became apart of the parliament. According to my history teacher, he became a strategic genius after he joined the parliament! Oliver did not like the way the king ruled, so, he opposed the king’s abusive tyranny! The king at the time was king Charles the 1st. Later the king resigned and he had a death sentence! Oliver was actually reluctant to sign his sentence!

Cromwell had an army different than anyone else’s. Instead of using the modern tactics they used older ones. They worked so well that even the napoleons copied him! The one negative thing that is remembered about Oliver was that him army was VERY brutal. In my opinion it’s okay that they were brutal because you have to do what you have to do in order to win the battle!

Oliver became Lord protector of England which is everything a king is without the title! When Oliver died there was a long period of time, about 18 months, where there was no ruler, because of this it was chaos. Although 18 months past and King Charles the second was the ruler.

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Lion of the North: Book report

In this book about the Thirty Years’ War, a 16-year-old named Malcolm Graheme is a Scottish boy who volunteered to fight with the military forces controlled by Gustavus Adolphus. When the Emperor of Austria decided to get rid of Protesters from Germany, the Swedish King fought the terrorism that they had to suffer through throughout villages whose population was unforgivingly lowered by the Hun invasion. The Scottish displayed the courage of Gustavus’ army by fighting their way across a Germany that was tormented by religious persecution. Malcolm went through tasks where the possible outcome was dangerous, but his quick thinking and bad manners gave him the struggle against a cruel opponent.

My favorite part was when Duke Franz Albert faked a conversion to the Protestant Faith and was warmly received by the king. He sought for an opportunity to assassinate the king before the battle, but was unsuccessful. During the battle he rode behind the king and at a convenient moment shot him twice in the back. Then he rode off to tell Wallenstein of the death of the king. I liked this part because he failed but he kept trying. This may be a strange reason for why I like this part but it does not change the fact that I like it. Another reason why I like this part is because when he failed he didn’t get caught trying to kill him, he just kept going with his life then when he did succeed in killing him, he pretended like he didn’t kill him.

My least favorite part was when King Gustavus had a hunch that he would not return from the battle with the Roman Catholic imperialists. he is showing his 5 year old daughter, Christiana, to the Diet that the queen must eat and scolding everyone to respect her as queen in the event that he did not return. His wife (the queen) is crying because she is now very worried that her 5 year old daughter will have to become the queen if king Gustavus dies in the war. This is sad because he does die and now the 5 year old has to be the queen. I did not like this because he has to explain that he might die and in a 5 year olds shoes that may be hard to understand and accept. I feel another reason why I don’t like it is because I don’t tend to like sad stuff. This is sad because he thinks he is going to die and he wants the best for his child but he either has to get rid of the throne or give it to his daughter and even though it’s hard he had to give it to her if he died and to me this is really glum. Upsettingly he did die and he was killed by Duke Franz Albert. I like that he didn’t give up on killing the king but I don’t like that he killed the king and gave the king’s daughter no choice but to take the throne!

This is my book report about The Lion of the north thank you for watching and come back to Learning In Pajamas for more from me! Also, don’t forget to read all about the author.

About the author:

According to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G._A._Henty “G. A. Henty was born in Trumpington, near Cambridge. He was a sickly child who had to spend long periods in bed. During his frequent illnesses he became an avid reader and developed a wide range of interests which he carried into adulthood. He attended Westminster School, London, and later Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, where he was a keen sportsman. He left the university early without completing his degree to volunteer for the Army Hospital Commissariat when the Crimean War began. He was sent to the Crimea and while there he witnessed the appalling conditions under which the British soldier had to fight. His letters home were filled with vivid descriptions of what he saw. His father was impressed by his letters and sent them to The Morning Advertiser newspaper which printed them. This initial writing success was a factor in Henty’s later decision to accept the offer to become a special correspondent, the early name for journalists now better known as war correspondents.

Shortly before resigning from the army as a captain in 1859 he married Elizabeth Finucane. The couple had four children. Elizabeth died in 1865 after a long illness and shortly after her death Henty began writing articles for the Standard newspaper. In 1866 the newspaper sent him as their special correspondent to report on the Austro-Italian War where he met Giuseppe Garibaldi. He went on to cover the 1868 British punitive expedition to Abyssinia, the Franco-Prussian War, the Ashanti War, the Carlist Rebellion in Spain and the Turco-Serbian War. He also witnessed the opening of the Suez Canal and travelled to Palestine, Russia and India.

Henty was a strong supporter of the British Empire all his life; according to literary critic Kathryn Castle: “Henty…exemplified the ethos of the new imperialism, and glorified in its successes”. Henty’s ideas about politics were influenced by writers such as Sir Charles Dilke and Thomas Carlyle

Henty once related in an interview how his storytelling skills grew out of tales told after dinner to his children. He wrote his first children’s book, Out on the Pampas in 1868, naming the book’s main characters after his children. The book was published by Griffith and Farran in November 1870 with a title page date of 1871. While most of the 122 books he wrote were for children, he also wrote adult novels, non-fiction such as The March to Magdala and Those Other Animals, short stories for the likes of The Boy’s Own Paper and edited the Union Jack, a weekly boy’s magazine.

His children’s novels typically revolved around a boy or young man living in troubled times. These ranged from the Punic War to more recent conflicts such as the Napoleonic Wars or the American Civil War. Henty’s heroes – which occasionally included young ladies – are uniformly intelligent, courageous, honest and resourceful with plenty of ‘pluck’ yet are also modest These virtues have made Henty’s novels popular today among many Christians and Homeschoolers.

Henty usually researched his novels by ordering several books on the subject he was writing on from libraries, and consulting them before beginning writing. Some of his books were written about events (such as the Crimean War) that he witnessed himself. Hence these books are thus written with greater detail as Henty drew upon his first-hand experiences of people, places, and events.

On 16 November 1902, Henty died aboard his yacht in Weymouth Harbour, Dorset, leaving unfinished his last novel, By Conduct and Courage, which was completed by his son Captain C.G. Henty.

Henty is buried in Brompton Cemetery, London.”

The Holocaust!

The other day I went to the MOSH! MOSH stands for Museum of Science and History! We went to the MOSH for a special event that is going on! This event was about Anne Frank and other Jewish people who had to undergo the Holocaust.

The exhibit that we went to showed a timeline of both Anne frank and the Nazi evolution. The timelines were on different walls and each year it got worse and worse. On one part of the timeline, it said that the Nazis would secretly take black kids and make it so they can’t have babies. they did this because they were trying to get the perfect country and to do that they need the perfect race. The Nazis also murdered all of the disabled people even if they weren’t Jewish. They had a movie going on in the room over , all of the information that was on the wall was in the movie.. However my mom is a big Holocaust history fan and because of this we had already seen this movie years earlier so we didn’t watch it again. By the time we got to the end, of the timeline, I was upset because of all the horrid things the Nazis did to people. We wrote a little note on how we felt after reading these.

I hope this will never happen again because 11 million people were killed during the Holocaust. six million were Polish citizens. Three million were Polish Jews and another three million were Polish Christians. This was a very good learning experience, even though it made me very sad, I am glad that I got to do this. Thank you MOSH for hosting such a great exhibit!

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The Black Death

Recently, I have been learning about the black plague, also known as black death. Today I will be telling you all about it!

The black death was, in my teacher’s words, an epidemic plague that attacked Europe in the 19th century! This plague was very contagious and horrific if you got it. Some of the symptoms of the plague were: fevers, chills, aching, and large boils on the skin.

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If you got the plague you would want to see the doctor. Today we have some very smart doctors that tell us all about germs and how they spread! Well, back then doctors didn’t know about germs so they didn’t know how the plague spread. If they had known about germs I think that they could have possibly cured the plague or at least developed the theories for the future!

Many people didn’t know where or why they got this plague. Others thought that it was a judgement from God. To gain favor with god, they would publicly whip themselves. This might not have helped but it did give others hope that the plague would be over very soon!

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Ring around the rosy. Pocket full of posies. Ashes, ashes, we all fall down.

 

As a kid we would all sing the classic nursery rhyme “Ring Around The Rosy”. As kindergartener to second grade, I was not taught the actual meaning of the song.  I  had not even thought about what the words meant until my brother had told me it was a “bad” song. Now In seventh grade finally I know what they mean!

Ring around the rosy: the plague would cause large boils on the skin and there would be a ring around it.

Pocketful of posies: many people would be dying but, there were too many bodies to bury so they would just burn the people so the stench of death was all around them. They would collect flowers and put them as close to their noses as possible so that they would not have to smell the stench of death.

Ashes Ashes we all fall down: well when you burn someone, also known as cremating them, you get ashes, and they burned a lot of people so they had a lot of ashes. We all fall down was all of the people who were dying. My Father had a very good thought he said there is another possible interpretation. “The ashes would float into the sky, but as we all know: what goes up, must come down. We all fall down as ashes. We are all going to die.”

As you can see the classic Ring Around The Rosy was not as innocent as we thought!

🎉🎆Happy New Year🎉🎆 from me, CaityCakes, to you! I hope you’ll join me for more homeschool adventures in 2017.

The Feudal System and Manorialism

The Feudal System and Manorialism were the class-systems that ranked the people from high to low during the Medieval times!

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via GIPHY

The Feudal System was set up so that kings were in the highest position. Lords and nobles were higher than everyone, except the king! Next were knights, who were recognized for doing heroic deeds. Today, there are still knights but the title is more ceremonial.

Freeman came next in the Feudal system.  They could go out anywhere but they still had to work in the same places the surfs/slaves did. They had to work for the nobles and lords for money, and then they had to work their own land. Freemen earned their land, but it still had to be given to them by the lords and nobles they work for! The land of which was given by the king to the freemen and surfs was called a “fief.”

Slaves were at the bottom of the class-system. They did not have a choice in their standing, and could not become anything other than a slaves.

The Manorialism was the economic system that the Feudal System was based on. They came up with this because England was practically falling apart.

The intent of these systems was to make the English people more civilized.

What are your thoughts on these class-based systems? Let me know in the comment section below!

Until next time, keep on Learning in Pajamas!!