Music in the 1960’s

After years of practice the world’s music has changed a lot! We’ve made improvements to our technology and the way our music sounds! Today I will be talking about bands and artists in the 1960’s.

Elvis Presley:

Elvis Aaron Presley was an American singer and actor. Regarded as one of the most significant cultural icons of the 20th century, he is often referred to as the “King of Rock and Roll” or simply “the King”. Elvis was born on January 8,1935 and he died on August 16, 1977. His death was very sad for many people.

The Beatles:

The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960. With members John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr. They came to America in 1965. This was when they made most of their money, this is because they became nationally famous. At this time, they even made a film named, The Yellow Submarine. Their albums were purchased over 500,000 times. After they made their way to America they changed what they wrote their songs about. Instead of being clean they changed it to drugs, politics, and war.

The Rolling Stones:

The members of The Rolling Stones are Brian Jones, Ian Stewart, Mick Jagger, Keith Richards, Bill Wyman, and Charlie Watts. This British group catered to the dragged out, drunken culture of the 1960’s. One of their best hits was called “Satisfaction”. This band formed in 1962.

This started the British Invasion, which was a phenomenon that occurred in the mid-1960s when rock and pop music acts from the United Kingdom, as well as other aspects of British culture, became popular in the United States, and significant to the rising counterculture on both sides of the Atlantic.

The Counterculture:

This was a group of hippies who wanted, Alcohol, psychedelic drugs, free sex, and no responsibility.  They were known as Hippies and Flower children. They had a giant music festival where they celebrated for three days, love, drugs, and music.

Thank you so much for reading my post! Be sure to come back to, Learning in Pajamas, for more from me!

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20th Century Authors

Over time, there have been many authors in the world. People have the ability to write a book and sell it. From there it can become a bestseller and make them millionaires. Reading a book can be very interesting, it can lead your imagination to destinations that you’ve never even thought about.  Books have an impact on our lives as well, they can make you think of better ways to handle situations or better ways to live your life.

C.S. Lewis:

C.S. Lewis was a man of many talents. He worked as a novelist, poet, literary critic, essayist, broadcaster, lecturer, and Christian apologist. That’s mind boggling how many titles he has. C.S. Lewis was part of a group called The Inklings. The Inklings was a literary discussion group where authors could talk about their work and get input. This is a great system, in my opinion, because if one person is having writers block they can get help from other authors! Some of C.S. Lewis’s most well-known books are The Screwtape letters and Mere Christianity.

J.R.R. Tolkien:

His full name was John Ronald Reuel Tolkien. He lived in England. He worked as a writer, poet, and university professor at Oxford. He was also a member of the Inklings. This means that there is a chance that he and C.S. Lewis might have helped each other out with their books! His most popular books are The Hobbit as well as Lord of The Rings. According to my teacher, The Hobbit wasn’t intended to be a kid’s book but I don’t think he minds.

Agatha Christie:

She was born in 1890, in England. She was a short story writer and a play writer. She is best known for her murder mysteries especially the ones featuring Hercule Poirot as the detective. One of her plays that is very popular is The Mouse Trap. Which has been shown since the 1950s.

Albert Einstein:

He was born in 1879. He became the greatest theoretical physicist in history. He discovered the Theory of Relativity. He was visiting the U.S. in 1933, as a Jew. He chose not to go back to Germany but to become a U.S. citizen. He helped develop atomic technology. He has written many books about his discoveries one is called, The World as I See It. Another one is called, The Evolution of Physics.

 

Isaac Asimov:

Born in 1920 worked as a professor of biochemistry at Boston University. He was a prolific author. He wrote over 500 books and an estimated 90,000 essays. Most famous for his book 1984 and Animal Farm.

Ernest Hemingway:

He was born in 1899 and was raised in Illinois. He had a unique style of writing that was copied by late 20th century authors. He lived a life of adventure and had a very visible public image. Some of his most famous books are The Old Man and The Sea, The Sun Also Rises, and A Moveable Feast.

Thank you for reading my essay about 20th century writers. Come back to, Learning in Pajamas, for more from me!

 

Why Not The Dry Cleaners?

I never actually thought about how much doing simple chore cost my family. My latest English assignment has opened my eyes to this fact. Doing the laundry at home is a major investment! You spend, depending on the brand, about 30 dollars on laundry soap. Then you spend about 10 dollars on fabric softener. Finally, you spend about 15 dollars on bleach per bottle! In total you are spending 55 dollars just for your supplies, which could last a week or two months or even more depending on how often you do laundry. Then you have to pay the water bills from washer, and you have to pay more on your electric bill from the washer and dryer. Did I mention how much the washer and dryer cost? These range from hundreds to thousands of dollars each! If these break, then you have to pay for repairs! If you don’t want to have further problems with the washer and/or dryer then you might just want to replace them.  This then adds hundreds or more on to your bill. Not only is this very expensive but it’s such a hassle! You have to sort your laundry, then you have to wait hours for it to be finished washing and drying, then you have to fold the laundry and put it away!

Going to the dry cleaners is so easier! Depending on the business you go to, you can get all of your laundry done for $2.50 per pound! If you have 30 pounds of clothes each month the total amount of money spent each year is 900 hundred dollars! This is far less than the cost of doing laundry at home.  Not only do you not spend as much money, but you also don’t have to worry about adding money to your electric and water bills. This way is so much cheaper than doing your own laundry at home.

Next time you are about to buy a washer and dryer, instead, go to the dry-cleaners. Come back to Learning in Pajamas for more from me!

 

 

Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge

Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge are the 29th and 30th presidents of the united states! Warren G. Harding, was involved in many scandals and many illegal operations. Coolidge wasn’t really interested in that so, now he is labeled as a “weak” president.

Warren G. Harding is the 29th President of the United States He was elected in 1923 and he left the office in 1923. This was the beginning of world war 1 so, Harding had to help keep the united states safe meanwhile governing the country. Harding started his career as a journalist, he worked with newspapers. In 1891, Harding’s wife wanted him to go into politics so, he did. Harding went to serve as the Ohio State Senator. This was his very first elected and political position. Harding is known as one of the worst presidents ever because there were many scandals during his presidency.

One of the very worst scandals, when Harding was president, is known as the Teapot Dome Scandal. This was when a federal Cabinet member stole government property and leased it illegally. Then after somebody bought he kept the money. This put a sore spot on Harding’s career

After these scandals, he had a stroke. The stroke didn’t kill him, but it did limit him from doing a lot of things. Going forward in time, he died of a heart-attack.

We now move on to Calvin Coolidge the 30th president.

Coolidge, Harding’s vice president at the time, was going to bed when he got the news that Harding had died. On August 2nd, 1923 Coolidge became the new president!

Calvin Coolidge was born on Independence Day! He was born in Vermont, but in order for him to get is college degree he had to move to Massachusetts. Coolidge’s planned to be a lawyer but, he didn’t have enough money to pay for Law-school. Instead of going to Law School he worked with a local law firm so that he could still to learn law. This was an option for people who didn’t have sufficient funds to go to Law School. Afterward he was admitted to the Bar for Massachusetts.

Later, Coolidge was elected Governor of Massachusetts. Soon, the Boston Police Strike of 1919 occurred. Coolidge, even though it was unnecessary, decided to help, this impressed many government officials. They were so impressed with him that they elected him as the Vice President to Warren G. Harding.

Coolidge was inaugurated by his own father! He was inaugurated again the next day. To make it not illegal they inaugurated him again out in public.

Coolidge had policies that would get rid of banks that were making the economy worse. By doing this he was allowing the stocks to go up an up and up. Eventually the investors were scared that it would plummet, they started to back off which then made the stocks fall.

Harding and Coolidge had two different ways of being a president Coolidge may be considered a weak president, but he was a very good president, even though he left his presidency just before the Great Depression, he still brought the economy to its peak before it fell.

This was an essay about President Harding and President Coolidge! Be sure to come back to Learning in Pajamas for more from me!

 

My One Paragraph Summary (8th Grade English Assignment #26)

My 1 Paragraph Summary:

A Jewish girl, named Diana Deithelm, gets captured by evil men and betrayed by her best friend all in one day. Despite it all, Diana, one random stranger, and her new best friend, Mitzi Rudolf, all travel through desperate measures to get to freedom. Avoiding an entire Nazi family, and her own family is tough but through it all Diana stays true to herself and her friends.

I hope you enjoyed reading my one paragraph summary! Be sure to check out the actual story which will be posted shortly only on Learning in Pajamas!

 

 

 

Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson (8th Grade History Assignment #25)

Thomas “stonewall” Jackson was born on January 21st, 1824, he passed away on May 10th, 1863. He lived a short life of 39 years. Thomas was a brave man who fought in the Mexican-American war. He also fought as a Confederate soldier in the Civil war.

Thomas was born in Virginia, which is now known as West Virginia. His mom’s name was Julia Beckwith Neale, she had four children in total, Thomas was the third born. When he was two years old his Father and his older sister, Elizabeth, died from Typhoid fever.

Typhoid fever is a rare sickness, but it is still very deadly, especially for children. Typhoid fever spreads through contaminated food and water or through close contact with someone who’s infected.

After the death of his Father, his mom re-married to a man named Blake Woodson. Thomas and his brothers did not like Blake, so they often got into arguments. These arguments caused the boys to go live with their father’s brothers. In 1831 Thomas’s mom died while giving birth to his half-brother. However, ten years later in 1841 his half-brother died from tuberculosis.

In the 1800s adults would have many children. They did this because they knew that most of their kids would die pre-maturely. The children would die because they didn’t have medicine, nor would they have hospitals that could cure their illnesses. Therefore, having more kids meant they would have a higher survival rate in their families.

Later, Thomas graduated from a U.S. Military Academy in West Point, New York. Soon after his graduation he fought in the Mexican-American war. While he was in Mexico he joined the first artillery as a 2nd lieutenant. During his time in the war he met a man named Robert E. Lee. He was a General-in-chief for the Civil war.  After the war he became the president of Washington collage.

By the end of 1846 Thomas had been promoted to the rank Brevet Major and he was considered a war hero. After the war Thomas retired from the military and was offered a professorship at the Virginia Military Institute in Lexington Virginia.

Thomas married a woman named Elinor Junkin, who sadly, died giving birth. In this very unlucky circumstance she gave birth to a stillborn son. Thomas then got re-married to a woman named Mary Anna Morrison who gave birth to a baby girl. This child died not even a month after her birth.  Mary later gave birth to another girl, who they named Julia after Thomas’s mother.

While Thomas was in the Civil war he earned a nickname. His nickname was, Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson. He got his nickname after part of the war. When he got his nickname, he was leaning against a stonewall and someone shouted, “Hey look it is Stonewall Jackson. The nickname stayed and grew to be what he is known as to this day.

Later in the war, Thomas, got shot in his arm. The shot was a friendly fire.  Thomas had to get his arm amputated! This shot did not kill him. He died of Pneumonia on May 10th, 1863. This may have been the day that he died, however his story lives on through our History books!

Thank you for reading Learning in Pajamas! Be sure to come back again for more posts from me!

Performing Arts (8th Grade Critical Thinking Assignment#23)

There are many types of performances, these performances can impact our daily lives. There are also many places where you can see performances and be in them. Along with these we have many different type of performers. These performers can be live, on a TV show, in a movie, and many other things.

Types of performing arts:

Drama

Drama is a well-known type of performing art! This type of performance can be very entertaining! You can watch a book or even a script just come alive right on the stage. These performances can be heartwarming, sad, happy, or even funny. I have been to many plays, I have seen sad ones and I’ve seen funny ones. They can be from any type of genre.

Dance

Dance is another type of performing art. Dancing is very similar to drama. These dances, depending on the music, can be very sad, like a tragic love story, or they could be a funny “Broadway” dance. Dance can be any genre…and you don’t really have to be super flexible! There are many types of dances, for example, there is contemporary, ballroom, tap, jazz, hip hop, and many others.

Live Art

My final example of a performing art is Live art. This one is a bit tricky because it is open to interpretation. Sometimes it can be seen as weird,  however it can be a beautiful thing. When an artist draws, it usually, comes from the heart. They take what they are feeling from the inside and put it on a canvas. That is why it a beautiful thing.  There are many different types of live art. There is sculpting, animation, photography, painting, and more.  Art is everywhere in our lives, even if we don’t realize it.

From these examples, you can tell that there are a lot of performing arts. You can also tell that each performing art has multiple categories within.

There are many different performers. Some times these people perform in front of random people! In my opinion, they’ve got to be very brave to do this. It is very difficult to go out and sing or act in front of a crowd, I know this from personal experience. Some people have stage fright so back-stage they may be freaking out because they are terrified of messing up. In some cases, the person will end up going on the stage and doing terrifically!

According to my research, some notable performers who have had stage fright are:

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Megan Fox

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Amanda Seyfried

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Adele

As you can tell, even professionals sometimes have stage fright. It is a very common thing to have. Although, there are ways to reduce your stage fright.

  • You can change your focus to something else, quit scaring yourself about messing up.
  • Visualize your success. Always focus on your strength and ability to handle challenging situations.
  • Prepare your material in advance and read it aloud to hear your voice.

The world is very entertaining, you can never get bored from all the different types of performances you can go see! You might even be in one of these performances. If you are in a performance and you have stage fright, you aren’t alone! Many other performers have stage fright, even those who perform on a regular basis, and remember you can reduce the fright or even get rid of it completely!

I chose this topic because I perform in plays a lot. I also sing karaoke! I also chose this topic because I love to watch performances from all genres. I think that if I can share all about the arts more people will get interested and maybe find their passion in life. While writing this I learned about many actors and actresses who have stage fright. Also, I learned that there are many different types of performances, such as band and live art.

One more type of art is writing, so I hope you enjoyed reading this piece of art on Learning in Pajamas!

Is It Better To Stay Emotionally Detached Or Care Deeply For Something? (8th Grade English Assignment #22)

As sad as it may be, sometimes doctors have to deal with the the death of their patients during an operation or other medical practices. They have to stay strong emotionally when this happens. In such a case, would it be better for the doctor to have made an emotional connection or remain indifferent?

Whenever children get toys from their parents on Christmas day, the children usually forget what they got within the next few months. If these kids cared deeply about their gifts would they remember it for a longer time?

In the career span of a ER doctor, there is a sad certainly that they will have patients that will die. However, this fact doesn’t make it seem any less important to the doctor. Therefore, most ER doctors stay emotionally detached from their patients. I would say that this is a good and bad thing. It is good because if patients parish, the doctors didn’t make that strong of a bond with the patient and they will be able to continue working. Although, if they do make a connection with the patient they might be deviated from the loss and not bet able to do their job. Doctors are not the only occupation that has to face this type of issue, police officers, emergency field medics, and members in the armed forces all must deal with such challenges. These men and women must be capable to see death or else they can’t do their jobs very well.

When children wake up on Christmas morning they head down to tree and have fun with their family opening gifts. Many times the kids can’t remember,ber what they go for Christmas that year. Would it be better if these children didn’t get as many gifts if they won’t even remember what they were? In my opinion, the experience is what counts.  Instead, on Christmas morning maybe their family should go on a family trip or get a family gift. This will potentially allow them to care deeply about each Christmas and make memories to last a lifetime. 

From this you can tell that when it comes to a case of medical reasons it is probably for the best to remain emotionally detached. In other situations that aren’t life threatening it may be better to care deeply. In a situation where a doctor doesn’t show a connection with their patient, that patient may not feel comfortable. Therefore they won’t get the best service.

These are a few examples of circumstances where remaining emotionally detached may for better or for worse. I care deeply about Learning in Pajamas and I hope you do too, so show your love by leaving a like and following.

Pursuing or Attainment of Your Desires? (8th Grade English Assignment#20)

We all experience that rush of joy when we complete and assignment for school, work, or just for fun. However, does this make you feel happier or is pursuing your desires more satisfactory to you? Many people question this, and I think that they each have their own sides to them.

Pursuing of my desires is very exciting, when I was in To Kill a Mocking Bird, I had many adventures and made many friends along the way. I was not looking forward to it all being over. I was having fun and many of these adventures were learning adventures. I learned a lot from the other actors and even from the directors. When you have fun, the time flies by so we wish that we could go back and have that fun again. If this happened to be a homework sheet where I had no idea what I was supposed to be doing I would not be having fun, in fact, I’d be stressing over it. With the right help I could easily finish it and have a good time learning. As you can tell, the pursuing of your desires is mostly fun when you know what you are doing.

On the other hand, I also feel pleasure and satisfaction from the attainment of my desires. One example of this Is completing elementary school. These times can be fun sometimes, but most of the time I was miserable. I didn’t enjoy all elementary school, but when it was over, I felt very accomplished and I was satisfied with myself and my work.  Other example of this are times that finish cleaning the house, doing laundry, and even finishing the kitchen. Doing chores is a great example of this because while you are doing them, life is awful, but when you finished them, you feel great and very proud of yourself!

Most people finish assignments and don’t give it another thought, but what if we gave thanks for being done with it? When we do this, we are very excited for the fact that we are completed  with that assignment. When you are doing an assignment,When you are doing an assignment, and you know your material, you may feel very excited because you understand. Therefore, you are feeling very satisfied with pursuing your desire. That’s all today for Learning in Pajamas, now that I am done I feel very satisfied with the attainment of my essay.

 


			

Is Showing Strength or Showing Vulnerabilities more courageous? (8th Grade English Assignment#19)

In many movies they show super heroes showing courageousness, by being strong. However, is this the best way to show them being brave? Possibly not, showing your vulnerability is very difficult to do. This would show how brave you really are, considering how tough that is for somebody to do. This brings us to a very difficult question, is showing strength more courageous than showing your vulnerabilities?

Super heroes are known for beating up bad guys and being strong. They are being brave for standing up to the bad guys. Superman, Batman, wolverine, the hulk. These super heroes show their greatest strengths and are incredibly brave! Everyday they fight their greatest enemies and most of the time, they win. However, in real-life people in the armed forces show their strength and bravery by risking their lives to fight for our country. They are very brave for fighting; three percent of the country is willing to do that. That show strength and bravery. These are examples of how showing strength is courageous.

Many people show their vulnerabilities when they see a therapist. They show their vulnerabilities, so they can get the help they need to solve their problems. When these people go on and tell random people what their problems are they are being super brave! I think that being brave isn’t always about fighting crime, but facing your fears and telling people about your problems, that’s brave. Also, when getting shots at the doctor’s office, that’s very difficult. I always have trouble when it come to shots. When you are terrified of the dentist’s office, but you still go, that’s brave. These are all vulnerabilities that people have denied, they put their fears aside and chose to do it anyway. That is true bravery.

Both are examples of being brave. You have strength bravery and vulnerability bravery. You’ve got to have a lot of courageousness to concur your fears and you’ve got to have a lot of strength to fight for what’s right. In my opinion showing your vulnerabilities is a lot more courageous than showing your strength. With this being said, the next time you go to the dentist be brave! Be sure to come back to Learning in pajamas for more from me!