20th Century Authors

Over time, there have been many authors in the world. People have the ability to write a book and sell it. From there it can become a bestseller and make them millionaires. Reading a book can be very interesting, it can lead your imagination to destinations that you’ve never even thought about.  Books have an impact on our lives as well, they can make you think of better ways to handle situations or better ways to live your life.

C.S. Lewis:

C.S. Lewis was a man of many talents. He worked as a novelist, poet, literary critic, essayist, broadcaster, lecturer, and Christian apologist. That’s mind boggling how many titles he has. C.S. Lewis was part of a group called The Inklings. The Inklings was a literary discussion group where authors could talk about their work and get input. This is a great system, in my opinion, because if one person is having writers block they can get help from other authors! Some of C.S. Lewis’s most well-known books are The Screwtape letters and Mere Christianity.

J.R.R. Tolkien:

His full name was John Ronald Reuel Tolkien. He lived in England. He worked as a writer, poet, and university professor at Oxford. He was also a member of the Inklings. This means that there is a chance that he and C.S. Lewis might have helped each other out with their books! His most popular books are The Hobbit as well as Lord of The Rings. According to my teacher, The Hobbit wasn’t intended to be a kid’s book but I don’t think he minds.

Agatha Christie:

She was born in 1890, in England. She was a short story writer and a play writer. She is best known for her murder mysteries especially the ones featuring Hercule Poirot as the detective. One of her plays that is very popular is The Mouse Trap. Which has been shown since the 1950s.

Albert Einstein:

He was born in 1879. He became the greatest theoretical physicist in history. He discovered the Theory of Relativity. He was visiting the U.S. in 1933, as a Jew. He chose not to go back to Germany but to become a U.S. citizen. He helped develop atomic technology. He has written many books about his discoveries one is called, The World as I See It. Another one is called, The Evolution of Physics.

 

Isaac Asimov:

Born in 1920 worked as a professor of biochemistry at Boston University. He was a prolific author. He wrote over 500 books and an estimated 90,000 essays. Most famous for his book 1984 and Animal Farm.

Ernest Hemingway:

He was born in 1899 and was raised in Illinois. He had a unique style of writing that was copied by late 20th century authors. He lived a life of adventure and had a very visible public image. Some of his most famous books are The Old Man and The Sea, The Sun Also Rises, and A Moveable Feast.

Thank you for reading my essay about 20th century writers. Come back to, Learning in Pajamas, for more from me!

 

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My One Paragraph Summary (8th Grade English Assignment #26)

My 1 Paragraph Summary:

A Jewish girl, named Diana Deithelm, gets captured by evil men and betrayed by her best friend all in one day. Despite it all, Diana, one random stranger, and her new best friend, Mitzi Rudolf, all travel through desperate measures to get to freedom. Avoiding an entire Nazi family, and her own family is tough but through it all Diana stays true to herself and her friends.

I hope you enjoyed reading my one paragraph summary! Be sure to check out the actual story which will be posted shortly only on Learning in Pajamas!

 

 

 

Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson (8th Grade History Assignment #25)

Thomas “stonewall” Jackson was born on January 21st, 1824, he passed away on May 10th, 1863. He lived a short life of 39 years. Thomas was a brave man who fought in the Mexican-American war. He also fought as a Confederate soldier in the Civil war.

Thomas was born in Virginia, which is now known as West Virginia. His mom’s name was Julia Beckwith Neale, she had four children in total, Thomas was the third born. When he was two years old his Father and his older sister, Elizabeth, died from Typhoid fever.

Typhoid fever is a rare sickness, but it is still very deadly, especially for children. Typhoid fever spreads through contaminated food and water or through close contact with someone who’s infected.

After the death of his Father, his mom re-married to a man named Blake Woodson. Thomas and his brothers did not like Blake, so they often got into arguments. These arguments caused the boys to go live with their father’s brothers. In 1831 Thomas’s mom died while giving birth to his half-brother. However, ten years later in 1841 his half-brother died from tuberculosis.

In the 1800s adults would have many children. They did this because they knew that most of their kids would die pre-maturely. The children would die because they didn’t have medicine, nor would they have hospitals that could cure their illnesses. Therefore, having more kids meant they would have a higher survival rate in their families.

Later, Thomas graduated from a U.S. Military Academy in West Point, New York. Soon after his graduation he fought in the Mexican-American war. While he was in Mexico he joined the first artillery as a 2nd lieutenant. During his time in the war he met a man named Robert E. Lee. He was a General-in-chief for the Civil war.  After the war he became the president of Washington collage.

By the end of 1846 Thomas had been promoted to the rank Brevet Major and he was considered a war hero. After the war Thomas retired from the military and was offered a professorship at the Virginia Military Institute in Lexington Virginia.

Thomas married a woman named Elinor Junkin, who sadly, died giving birth. In this very unlucky circumstance she gave birth to a stillborn son. Thomas then got re-married to a woman named Mary Anna Morrison who gave birth to a baby girl. This child died not even a month after her birth.  Mary later gave birth to another girl, who they named Julia after Thomas’s mother.

While Thomas was in the Civil war he earned a nickname. His nickname was, Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson. He got his nickname after part of the war. When he got his nickname, he was leaning against a stonewall and someone shouted, “Hey look it is Stonewall Jackson. The nickname stayed and grew to be what he is known as to this day.

Later in the war, Thomas, got shot in his arm. The shot was a friendly fire.  Thomas had to get his arm amputated! This shot did not kill him. He died of Pneumonia on May 10th, 1863. This may have been the day that he died, however his story lives on through our History books!

Thank you for reading Learning in Pajamas! Be sure to come back again for more posts from me!

The Holocaust (8th Grade English Assignment 24)

The Holocaust started in 1933 and it ended in 1945. During this time millions of people died. It all started because Germany’s money system was failing. Many people had very little to no money at all. The value of the money decreased so much, children would use it as toys. However, the Jewish people were still making money. This made a man named Adolf Hitler have an idea. His idea that most Jews were the reason for the depression so if Germany got rid of them they would have money again. He also said that they were communists and that they were the cause for the defeat in World War 1. This shows that Hitler did not like the Jews. Hitler created a political party, this party is formally known as the Nazis. These were thousands of men who worked with and for Hitler to abolish the Jews. Hitler was a man who hated, targeted, and killed the Jews. Adolf Hitler was born April 20th, 1889. He committed suicide on April 30th ,1945.  In my opinion suicide is the coward’s way out. As you can tell Adolf Hitler was a very bad man. What he did was terribly wrong. However, as most people say, “Learn from other’s mistakes”. That is exactly what we should do. Learn from what Hitler did and never let that happen again.

There were about 18 million Nazi soldiers in World war 1. The Nazis would murder Jewish people, they would kill Homos, people who were sick or had disabilities. The Nazis would also kill anybody who got involved with what they were doing. The Nazis killed millions of innocent people.  Nazis would put the Jewish people in a line and they would shoot and kill them. They would also put them in gas chambers and say that they were showers. They would poison them and then they would clean out the bodies. This was a scary and depressing time for both Jewish people and anybody who was alive at that time. I personally think that it still is depressing to this day.

One of the most common stories of the Jews was Anne Frank’s story. Anne Frank had a hard childhood. She was taken out of school and put into a new one that was just for the Jewish kids. They had to wear a Star of David patch on all their outfits. They could not go to the beach just because they were Jewish. They also had time limits where they were not allowed outside. Anne Frank got a diary when she turned 13 She called her diary Kitty. She wrote in it just about every day. On July 6 ,1942 Anne Frank, her sister Margot Frank, her father Otto Frank, and Anne’s mom Edith Frank went into hiding on the top floor of her father’s warehouse. This was called the Secret Annex because the doorway was hidden behind a bookshelf. Also living in the Secret Annex were Hermann and Auguste van Pels as well as their son Peter. Also, a man named Fritz Pfeffer. After two years of them living there, one of the people who was helping them told the Nazis where they were living. To this day we still are unaware of who told the Nazis where they were hiding. Luckily one of the helpers saved Anne’s diary before the Nazis could take it. Anne and her sister died in a concentration camp from Typhon fever. Her mom died from starvation. Her dad lived through and published Anne’s diary to share her story in 1947. Her story has been shared from generation to generation for 71 years.

A lot of other Jewish children had to go through similar things as Anne Frank. The childhood of Jewish kids was a very difficult. They were pulled out of their normal schools and put into schools just for Jewish kids. They also had to where the star of David on their clothes. Also, just like Anne, they couldn’t go to most public places because they were Jewish. This was a horrible time for the kids, they couldn’t go to public places, they had time restrictions for when they leave their houses, and so many were killed at the camps. At the camps, woman would cut themselves and rub the blood on their bodies to make them look younger. They would kill the older people.  Children were gassed in the gas chambers as well as the adults. One famous story, “The Boy in The Striped Pajamas”, is a true story about the Holocaust. It’s a fantastic movie and novel it explains a great deal of what was happening during the Holocaust.  This gives you a tragic story meanwhile telling you what it was like to be alive during the Holocaust.

In many cases the Jewish people would have to hide from the Nazis, some of the hiding spots they hid in were under floorboards, in cellars, and sometimes in building’s top floors. There are many other hiding spots that where they would hide. Some of the causes of why they would need to hide were because the Nazis had called for them to go to a concentration camp. Sometimes Nazis would search for them and they’d hide from them. They were at a large risk of leaving the country because they could have been found and killed. As you can tell these people were in tough situations that could cost them their own lives.

After the war was over, millions of Jewish people, Americans, and innocent people standing up for what they believed had been killed. It was a hard time for everyone to live through. There are many stories of the Holocaust, but the most well-known story is Anne Frank’s. This was a depressing time to live in and hear about.  I think we should learn from this, so we can make sure it doesn’t happen again.

Learning in Pajamas is proud to have hopefully taught you something you did not know about the Holocaust. Be sure to come back for more from me.

 

What I liked and Disliked about this School Year!

Today was the last day of school! This year has gone by super fast! Today I will be telling you what I liked and didn’t like about this school year!

This school year I really enjoyed writing short stories! When you write a story you get to be creative and there are no rules! There is nothing that says something doesn’t exist! You can make it exactly how YOU want! I never realized how fun writing could be until this class! Last year I would write but I would really enjoy it! Maybe it’s my age that helped me understand how much fun it is, or maybe my teacher! Another thing I really enjoyed was the robotics section! In this course I created many things! Instead of creating the robot that my teacher made I used a kit! The robot that I used is called Snap circuits! This was so fun that we actually ended up buying another one! Building a robot like this isn’t as complicated but it helps you remember what the symbols of resistors, diodes, and much more!

The things that I didn’t enjoy this year, there weren’t that many because this school year was fun, there isn’t much to complain! However, the main thing that I didn’t like this year was having to read G. A. Henty books! The reason why I didn’t enjoy these books were that they weren’t that fun to read! They just aren’t what I like! Some people do like these books, that’s their taste not mine! One other thing I didn’t like about this school year is how I didn’t have that many assignments to write a story! Many people wouldn’t complain about that! However, I find writing stories very fun! I really enjoy stories where I get a topic and I get to make up a story all about that!

In conclusion, I really enjoyed this school year! I really wouldn’t want to change anything! This year was fun, and I am excited to do another year of homeschool next year!

First Aid!

In science I going to start a new section! I am really excited for this one because it can help me get a job as a lifeguard! This section is first aid! The first this I look at it is CPR!

This is really exciting for me because I have really wanted to start earning money. Not only that, but I love the water and people being safe can help them have a good time as well!

Today I learned about what they call a CPR shield! The reason you would need a CPR shield is because of one of the five fears this fear is that when you are giving mouth to mouth you are afraid that you would get a disease from them. The rest of the five fears are that they aren’t confident in what their knowledge of life-saving technique, they are afraid they might kill the person they are trying to save! The fourth fear is they are afraid they will get sued for not saving the person they tried to save! The final fear is not knowing what to do next. When I say that I mean that they fear forgetting what the next step is!

Thank you for reading my post and come back to Learning in pajamas blog for more!

 

 

The Battles of Hastings!

In history class I learned about the Battle of Hastings!

The battle of Hastings marked the start of Norman conquest and the end of the Viking era in 1066. Also in 1066 European power got added to England’s domain.

A man named William of Normandy made an attempt to win a battle! This battle lasted an entire day! luckily he and his army won, because of this he was then named William the Conqueror. Another war was the Battle of the Stamford Bridge. This war was a very bloody war and many people died. Unlike the battle of Hastings the Saxons won this battle, because of this win, William was crowned king on Christmas Day. The battle of the Stamford Bridge started because many people believed they should be king! The battle of the Stamford Bridge played a big role in the Battle of Hastings.  The role was to see who the next king was to be, because at the time many people wanted to be the next king! The battle of Hastings was won by the Normans this is when it started a new era, the Norman conquest era.

As King William was leaving the battle he was either shot in the eye by an arrow or he was shot in the back of the head. The reason I don’t know how King William was killed is because, there are many stories of how he was killed, but nobody knows for sure how he was killed! By the end of the war the Saxons were fleeing the sight and King William then got killed!

 

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Gerhard Groote

Gerhard Groote was man who gave kids, who became orphans after the black death took their parents, an education, food, and water. Today, I will be writing a paper on Gerhard Groote.

Gerhard Groote was born in 1340 and lived in a small town in the Netherlands. He lived during the time of the black plague. Both of his parents were killed because of the plague and so he then became an orphan. When is dad died  He inherited all of his things! Gerhard also, went a school, which at the time, Was very special and rare! Gerhard became a spoiled brat because he felt like he was better than most people! However he did change! On a very special day he was traveling and he saw a monk later the monk had converted him to Christian!

A few years later the plague came back! This time he found the orphaned boys and took them in. He gave them food and water as well as an education. A few years later, Gerhard made this into a school! In his school  he would teach the orphans to write and read by making them re-write scriptures! He named his school, Brethren of the Common Life. He named it this because the students shared their living space and their theological and philosophical views with each other! Some of his notable students names are Martin Luther, John Knox, John Calvin, and Martin Brucer. This is not the Martin Luther that you immediately think of. This is not Martin Luther King Jr, this is just Martin Luther!

The Black Plague came for the third time. This time it took Groote’s life. Gerhard Groote’s school lasted 150 years after his death. Some of the previous students became teachers. Groote ran his school for ten years, so in total the school lasted 160 years!

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Oliver Cromwell

In history I learned about a man name Oliver Cromwell! Today I am telling who he was and why he was important!

Oliver was born into a poor family. However he was blood related to an older king, Henry the 8th. He also was related to a close confidant of Henry the 8th! Oliver used his family name to his advantage and became apart of the parliament. According to my history teacher, he became a strategic genius after he joined the parliament! Oliver did not like the way the king ruled, so, he opposed the king’s abusive tyranny! The king at the time was king Charles the 1st. Later the king resigned and he had a death sentence! Oliver was actually reluctant to sign his sentence!

Cromwell had an army different than anyone else’s. Instead of using the modern tactics they used older ones. They worked so well that even the napoleons copied him! The one negative thing that is remembered about Oliver was that him army was VERY brutal. In my opinion it’s okay that they were brutal because you have to do what you have to do in order to win the battle!

Oliver became Lord protector of England which is everything a king is without the title! When Oliver died there was a long period of time, about 18 months, where there was no ruler, because of this it was chaos. Although 18 months past and King Charles the second was the ruler.

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Science Fair

Last weekend my dad, my brother, and I went to the science fair! The science fair had many different booths.! Most of the booths were very interesting! Today I will tell you what my first and second favorite booths were!

When we first got there we were welcomed by a Barnes and Noble booth. Previously we bought snap circuit robots. Well at the booth they had snap circuits so I was very excited about that! Also, at another booth ,shown by Mayo clinic, you got to be a brain surgeon. You also got to test “pee”, it was really apple juice, and you got to perform CPR! I think I did a really good job at being a brain surgeon! That was my favorite booth, my second favorite booth was the booth about : How to make ice cream! I liked this booth because 1. Ice cream is awesome 2. Ice cream is awesome and 3. I love ice cream!! To make ice cream you get a bag and put salt crystals and water in it. Next you get a smaller bag and put milk, sugar, and flavoring! This was my second favorite booth! They have science fairs a each year and they are hosted at UNF!

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